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Global features of transalpine demand

  • There still is a dynamic growth of tonnages carried over the Alps (3.5% p.a. between 1999 and 2004), even if growth has slightly slowed down in the last 5 years (4.0% p.a. between 1994 and 1999).
  • The highest rate of growth since 1999, with 5.5% p.a., was experienced by Switzerland, especially on road passes (8.3% p.a.). This has to be seen in relation to the changed rules concerning the maximum weight of vehicles. However, the dimension of the tonnage remains significantly lower than in Austria and France.
  • Conversely, total transalpine tonnages through French passes were stable between 1999 and 2004, as a result of the balance between a low increase on road (1.2% p.a.) and a significant decrease on rail (-6.2%).
  • With a total load of 41.7 million tonnes in 2004 the Brenner is the most frequented Alpine crossing, concentrating more than a fifth of total tonnages. The gap towards the two next important passes, Gotthard and Fréjus/Mont-Cenis (25.5 and 24.4 million tonnes, respectively), is quite substantial.
  • The split of total tonnages between the countries with Alpine crossings changed from 34% France, 18% Switzerland and 48% Austria in 1994 to 26% France, 18% Switzerland and 56% Austria in 2004, considering the entire Alpine arc from Ventimiglia to Wechsel.


Key Figures

  • In 2004 more than 190 million tonnes transported over the Alps (Ventimiglia to Wechsel)
  • Nearly 130 million tonnes on road
  • More than 10 million lorry movements
  • More than 60 million tonnes on rail (including rolling road)
  • Total amount by Alpine country (in million t):
transport mode FR CH AT
Total 49 35 109
Road 42 13 76
Rail 7 22 33

downloads

table: > Development of the total flows by Alpine crossing and Mode
          > Split of tonnages transported according to the country of Alpine crossing

copyright by BMVIT
Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung (Germany) Ministère de l'Écologie, de l'Energie, du Développement durable et de l'Aménagement du territoire (France) Ministero delle Infrastrutture e dei Trasporti (Italy) Bundesminsiterium für Innovation, Verkehr und Technologie (Austria) Eidgenössisches Departement für Umwelt, Verkehr, Energie und Kommunikation (Switzerland) Ministrstvo za promet (Slovenia) Directorate General Energy and Transport